Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis

All versions of Cannabis plants aren’t precisely the same and they also come in both the male and female selection. Some are tall and skinny, others are short and stout, and others are much smaller.

The Cannabis plant is also famous for its dioecious nature, meaning that it creates into different colonies of female and male plants. This is one reason farmers develop problems with male plants invading a grow area. Along with male and female plants, growers and cultivators will likely encounter (and make!) hermaphroditic and androgynous plants.

Whichever species you finally decide to grow, it’s a good idea to acquire some basic understanding of the variations as well as the differences between female and male plants. You will also want to comprehend the reasons why you would want to separate them.

When you understand these things, you can make the best decision for your growing habits. In this guide, we’ll cover the 3 species of cannabis, the use of gender in growing in addition to hybrid strains and hermaphrodites.

Learn the Health Benefits of Cannabis

Historical Origins

There’s truly no official scientific proof that clarifies the differences between Indica and Sativa strains of marijuana or even affirms that these differences exist. Nonetheless, they are commonly accepted facts one of the marijuana growing and utilizing audience.

There are a few historical explanations for the beginnings of the Indica strain, also called Cannabis Indica. It was initially classified by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, a French biologist, in the late 1700s. He also recognized the fact that the plants were intoxicating. It was distinct from the normal hemp plants grown in Europe at the moment, as they didn’t intoxicate the consumer.

Due to the differences between the European hemp plants (then really called Cannabis Sativa), Lamarck named his Indian discovery Cannabis Indica to establish its uniqueness in the European hemp. It had been considered a curative treatment of varieties in Europe during the 1800s and commonly utilized in Western medicine.

Cannabis Sativa


Sativa is the marijuana strain that people seem to enjoy smoking the most. This plant grows quite large, reaching up to 15 feet sometimes. Although it isn’t a really thick plant, many manufacturers enjoy it because of how tall it can grow.

Their leaves are long, dainty, narrow, and contemplating their height possible, these are fantastic for outdoor growing. The seeds are soft to the touch, with no stains or markings on them. Don’t expect this plant to flower quickly because Sativa takes its valuable time, and even shifting the light cycles may have little impact on this.

Sativa is often dried, cooked and consumed. When many people either vaporize or smoke this breed, it’s the standard for users to use this for high. You’re not going to get stoned from using this particular strain, but it will have an invigorating, pick me up kind of impact that contributes to feeling happier, unlike its sedating counterpart, Indica.

Additionally, it can improve your creativity, based on the person. This is the strain that you use if you need to be active and up during the day because it increases your energy and opens you up to new, fresh ideas. If you’re an artist of some type, you might love this one. Sativa is famous for a high ratio of THC to CBN both main active ingredients in cannabis.

Cannabis Indica

Cannabis Indica is a stronger strain compared to Sativa, but it doesn’t have the height Sativa achieves. Indica strains generally grow between 3 to 6 feet tall (1 to 2 meters) It’s a bushy plant with round healthful leaves, unlike Sativa. But they both have brightly colored colored, soft seeds. Being that Indica is a brief plant, this one is fantastic for indoor growing.

Whilst Sativa takes some time to blossom, Indica blossoms much quicker and can be affected much easier by adjusting the light cycle to market this phase. It is most frequently located above 30° N, in countries such as Nepal, Lebanon, Morocco, and Afghanistan.

The buds and blossoms on an Indica plant will often grow very close to each other and are stickier to the touch than Sativa plants. When you want to produce hashish, Indica is the plant you’d choose as a result of the quantity of resin it comprises.

This bud is a stoner’s favorite as it’s similar to a sedative and puts your whole body into a deep state of relaxation. It’s so much CBN in this will certainly take you there when you need to go far and beyond only a regular high. It’s amazing healing qualities, and assists with:

  • Insomnia
  • Alleviating pain
  • Inducing relaxation of muscles
  • Muscle spasms
  • Allergic pressure
  • Headache, and migraine relief

Cannabis Ruderalis

You will seldom hear anybody talking about Cannabis Ruderalis, which is one of the principal varieties and has a fairly short stature growing between 20-25 inches in height. Similar to Indica, this plant has very compact foliage. This plant is usually found growing in northern areas of the world.

Ruderalis has a very early and quick flowering cycle since it grows further north than any other kinds of marijuana and so does not have the luxury of a whole lot of time to grow before cold weather hits. Ruderalis is used to make autoflowerers. Read more about autoflowering marijuana seeds.

One reason you hear little about this breed is because it’s not known to be extremely psychotropic. It’s used chiefly as a source of additional genetic material by breeders and cultivators. This way, hybrids which blossom early may be bred, and certain breeds can be corrected so that they will increase in more northerly climates.